|Project status||Special case|
|Archiving status||Special case|
|IRC channel||(on EFnet)|
Mercurial, also known by its command line tool hg, is a distributed version control system. Its development started at almost the same time and with similar goals as Git.
When Bitbucket announced its deprecation and removal of Mercurial repositories, a reusable archive project was created that can archive Mercurial repositories in general. It simulates
hg clone --stream URL. The resulting archives can be cloned again directly from the Wayback Machine, e.g.
hg clone --stream https://web.archive.org/web/2id_/https://bitbucket.org/pygame/pygame.
In normal clone mode, the remote normalizes repository data into a common exchange format and the receiving end translates this data into its local storage format. --stream activates a different clone mode that essentially copies repository files from the remote with minimal data processing. This significantly reduces the CPU cost of a clone both remotely and locally. However, it often increases the transferred data size by 30-40%. This can result in substantially faster clones where I/O throughput is plentiful, especially for larger repositories. A side-effect of --stream clones is that storage settings and requirements on the remote are applied locally: a modern client may inherit legacy or inefficient storage used by the remote or a legacy Mercurial client may not be able to clone from a modern Mercurial remote.
hg clone produces a directory with a working copy, plus the .hg directory containing version control data. However, this is internally sent as a bundle, which if captured can be unbundled normally.
hg network protocols (as of September 2020):