Open Library is an online project intended to create "one web page for every book ever published". Created by Aaron Swartz, Brewster Kahle, Alexis Rossi, Anand Chitipothu, and Rebecca Malamud, Open Library is a project of the non-profit Internet Archive.
Attacks by publishers
On June 1, 2020, four major book publishers filed a lawsuit against the Internet Archive and the Open Library, stating that "IA has brazenly reproduced some 1.3 million bootleg scans of print books, including recent works, commercial fiction and non-fiction, thrillers, and children’s books", after the Open Library started its Temporary National Emergency Library in response to the Covid-19 pandemic. The Internet Archive's founder, Brewster Kahle, responded by calling the lawsuit "disappointing" and stating, "We hope this can be resolved quickly".
On June 10, the Internet Archive closed the NEL two weeks early, stating that they were closing it early due to the lawsuit.